What is tooth sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity often causes discomfort and pain when you are eating food or drinking beverages, which might be cold, hot, sweet, or sour. The pain might rise further when you are brushing or flossing the teeth and it can become excruciating when you are chewing solid foods.
Knowing how to cure sensitive teeth involves using the best toothpaste for sensitive teeth and taking some precautions so that your teeth hurt less.
What causes tooth sensitivity to hot and cold?
Sudden tooth sensitivity can happen because of the following reasons:
(1) Nerve irritation because of dentin exposure
The dentin region consists of dentinal tubules, which are tiny canal like spaces that hold nerve endings and they are filled with fluid. When the tooth enamel wears away, these small tubes become exposed.
Eating foods or drinking drinks that are sweet, cold, or hot causes the fluid to move. This movement of fluid makes the nerve endings react, giving rise to nerve irritation and subsequently triggering a short, sharp pain when exposed to foods, drinks, cold air, or when tooth touched with the tongue.
(2) Brushing very hard excessively
Dental hygiene habits like brushing your teeth very frequently, very vigorously or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can ultimately wear off your tooth enamel and expose your teeth’s sensitive roots. This can further cause dentine exposure and can also cause receding gums.
The right care your teeth require is to brush your teeth for around 2-minutes each for at least twice a day and move the brush gently in the right direction.
(3) Crack in the teeth
A minor fissure or crack in your teeth can turn into a big enough for exposing the fragile dentin, which then, leads to accumulation of germs and nerve inflammation and give rise to the sensitive tooth.
(4) Using teeth whitening agents
If an impaired tooth with exposed roots is not noticed, then the teeth whitening agents such as the baking soda can whiten your teeth. However, it may give rise to tooth sensitivity.
(5) Age affects tooth sensitivity
In accordance with dental experts, tooth sensitivity happens with aging, most often in people beginning in the ages of 25 and 30.
(6) Untreated gum disease
Periodontitis or an advanced gum disease, if left not treated, then it can result in tooth decay and expose the roots leading to tooth sensitivity.
You may get sensitive teeth due to genetics.
How to take care of sensitive teeth at home?
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush, which gently cleans your teeth and gums without further increasing the existing pain.
- Regularly use a fluoride mouthwash.
- Avoid citrus fruits, tomatoes, tea because they are acidic and can make your pain get worse.
- Above all, use desensitizing toothpaste containing at least 5 percent potassium nitrate concentration or strontium chloride concentration.
How Does Desensitizing Toothpaste Work?
Strontium chloride or potassium nitrate or the combination of the two is the desensitizing toothpaste ingredients. The desensitizing agents in toothpaste either block the dentinal tubules in the dentin region, acting as a shield for protecting the tooth’s nerve or calm the tooth’s nerve by numbing tooth sensitivity.
Using the desensitizing toothpaste regularly, twice a day, for a month will help to experience relief and decrease your tooth sensitivity when exposed to foods, drinks, and extreme temperatures. By using the best desensitizing toothpaste on a daily basis, it will help lessen or prevent tooth sensitivity by building up a stronger barrier to the nerves in your tooth.
What is the best toothpaste for sensitive teeth?
Nowadays, there are various desensitizing toothpaste brands for sensitive teeth available in supermarkets or health care units. Among this toothpastes, the best toothpaste for sensitive teeth is the Sensodyne desensitizing toothpaste. It is the most widely used the best brand toothpaste. The potassium nitrate composition in the toothpaste helps to numb the teeth area and desensitize the teeth.
ProNamel toothpaste is one more good tooth care product recommended for protecting and strengthening tooth enamel. Brushing twice daily with Pronamel helps to guard your teeth against the effects of acid erosion or acid wear. Pronamel toothpaste is formulated for lost or depleting tooth enamel and for re-hardening softened tooth enamel.
The crest is another brand, which has come up with many crest toothpaste for sensitive teeth products available at affordable prices to purchase.