Smiling at people is the most expressive way of showing how happy you really are. However, when you are experiencing a toothache, then there is more sadness than happiness to express. A toothache can be suddenly sensitive, like one minute it is okay and next time the toothache can be intensely painful.
Common causes of a severe toothache
A toothache can be dull or extremely painful. Many times people suffer acute pain in their front teeth or bottom teeth when they are drinking hot or cold liquids such as cold drinks and coffee or when chewing foods.
What are the causes of a toothache?
Here are the common causes of throbbing tooth pain that comes and goes:
(1) Tooth decay or dental cavity
What is tooth decay and how is it caused? Tooth decay is the destruction of your tooth enamel (the outer layer of your tooth). Bacteria and food cause tooth decay.
How does it occur? It happens when you eat foods having sugars and carbohydrates like cakes, milk, candy, or raisins and the food particles are frequently left on your teeth. A sticky, clear substance known as dental plaque is always forming on your gums and teeth. Dental plaque contains bacteria that live in your mouth and thrive on the sugar and carbohydrate foods and as a result, produces acids. After a particular period of time, these acids destroy your tooth enamel and cause tooth decay.
Pulpitis is inflammation of the dental pulp caused due to untreated dental caries or tooth decay. In this condition, the nerves of the pulp or tooth are inflamed and irritated. When the tooth pulp is inflamed, the tissue around the tooth is pressurized leading to a mild or an intense toothache. Pulpitis is caused mainly due to bacterial infection, which itself is caused due to tooth decay.
(3) Dental abscess
When the inside surface of your mouth gets hurt, bacteria can enter and cause infections and irritations. Sometimes a painful swelling filled with thick pus and yellowish fluid can be seen. If the pus can’t flow away, the area will get more painful and swollen. This is known as the abscess. A dental abscess is caused by bacteria that badly affects your tooth’s root and also causes swollen gums.
(4) Wisdom teeth
When a tooth can’t come out or are impacted, then it causes a lot of pain in the gums, for example, wisdom teeth because they are last to emerge. For the eruption of the wisdom teeth to happen normally, there should be sufficient growth on the back of the jaw in order to accommodate space for these new teeth. Because this occurs rarely, the teeth emerge just partially through the gums or fail to emerge and get stuck below the gum causing jaw soreness and a toothache.
(5) Gum diseases
Here are 2-types of diseases in gums: Periodontitis and gingivitis. Basically, the gums around your teeth are affected badly by these diseases by making holes in your teeth and detaching gum from your teeth, which invite more bacteria leading to tooth decay.
This type of a toothache is caused by all your teeth or one tooth. However, there are also causes of a toothache other than decay. Here they are:
- External and inner ear infections
- Heart attack and heart diseases such as Angina
- A chronic toothache, such as Neuralgias
- Sinuses such as air passing through the cheek bones
How to stop toothache pain?
Here are the remedies to stop a bad toothache immediately and instantly:
(1) Avoid food that causes a toothache.
Try to avoid consuming hard food such as guava, carrots, walnuts and hot or cold liquids such as cold drinks and coffee. Also, avoid sweet foods that result in more severe toothache.
(2) Eat food having Vitamin-C.
Develop a habit of eating food that has Vitamin C on a daily basis, which will make your tooth enamel stronger and also protects your teeth from micro-organisms.
(3) Use toothpaste with fluoride.
Brush your teeth twice a day for 3-4 minutes with a fluoride based toothpaste because it makes your teeth healthy and strong, and stops your teeth from rotting.
(4) Have painkillers.
Painkillers such as Niacin plus, Ibuprofen are the analgesic that helps to reduce your toothache fast.
(5) Black pepper and salt for a toothache
You can also use this home remedy to stop a toothache and get relief. Mix black pepper and salt. Make sure the quantity of these ingredients is equal. Add a little water and make a paste. Gently rub this paste on your tooth that is causing pain. And leave it for a few minutes. Repeat this homemade treatment until you get relief from a toothache.
This remedy also reduces bad breath and prevents bleeding of gums.